"Green energy" twists and turns forward, and now usher in 'universal photovoltaic' era, successfully broke the 'two heads' bottleneck. "GCL Vice Chairman, GCL New Energy Chairman Zhu Yufeng recently in the" 2018 Green Energy Development Forum "pointed out that he believes that it is the country's green development strategy for green energy companies have access to development opportunities.
Authoritative data show that China is not only the world's largest producer and consumer of renewable energy, but also the largest investor of renewable energy and has become one of the most important forces driving the development of global green energy.
China Becomes a Star for Energy Transformation
Coal consumption dropped for three consecutive years, with the photovoltaic systems industry in China accounting for about half of the new installed capacity around the world
The BP World Energy Statistical Yearbook shows that in 2016, the global renewable electricity generation (excluding hydropower) increased by 14.1% from the same period of last year. China surpassed the United States to become the world's largest producer of renewable energy. The Energy Economics and Financial Analysis Institute IEEFA) research data shows that in 2017 China's participation and mergers and acquisitions of large international clean energy project total amount has reached 44 billion US dollars.
Deon Nel, director of global protection at the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), said at the forum that the world has entered a new phase of clean energy development and China's experience proves that it is entirely possible to achieve green energy transformation.
"As the world's second-largest economy, China has ranked first in the world in terms of both installed capacity and investment in renewable energy in the past few years, and China's coal consumption has been declining for three consecutive years." Deon Nel believes that China's response to climate change, Promote energy transformation success.
According to Tu Jianjun, director of China's Department of International Energy Administration, since 2011, the world's renewable energy market has surpassed the record high for 6 consecutive years. In 2016, the installed capacity of renewable energy in the world reached 165 GW, creating a new Historical records, the next 5 years is expected to increase the installed capacity of 1000GW.
"We think the star country of 2018 will still be China because China has led the development of global renewable energy, especially in the PV industry, which accounts for about half of the new installed capacity in the world," said Tu Jianjun.
"Wind" "Light" will lead the future market
Policies to promote photovoltaic technology upgrade, and actively promote photovoltaic poverty alleviation
"In the future development of the global renewable energy market, wind power and photovoltaic are the leading forces." According to Tu Jianjun, according to the IEA's forecast for the global market in 2020, PV will become the global leader in newly installed renewable energy resources. Other energy sources.
The 13th Five-Year Plan for Solar Energy Development issued by the National Energy Administration in 2016 pointed out that during the 12th Five-Year Plan period, China's PV industry system has been continuously improved and technological progress has been remarkable. The scale of photovoltaic manufacturing and application ranks the forefront in the world, "Will be a crucial period for the development of the solar energy industry. Its basic tasks will be industrial upgrading, cost reduction and application expansion so as to achieve market-based self-sustaining growth that does not rely on state subsidies and become the main energy source for non-fossil fuels in 2020 and 2030 respectively 15% and 20% of the important goal of the force. From the policy level, the state launched the "Top Runner Program" to promote the upgrading of photovoltaic technology. At the same time, it also actively promoted the PV poverty alleviation and achieved a win-win situation for enterprises, villages and farmers.
It is understood that GCL-Poly has completed 69 PV projects with a total installed capacity of 798 MW of national and provincial poverty alleviation stations, of which state-level poverty alleviation stations have a total installed capacity of 250 MW and are expected to make poverty within 20 years Household income 931 million yuan. By the end of 2017, the total installed capacity of GCL New Power's PV power plants will exceed 6 million kilowatts.
Policies and markets should work together
In the manufacturing and operation of the link to enhance the cost of technology control, the industry "non-technical costs" remains to be resolved
"China contributed 15% of the world's GDP in 2016, but consumed 23% of the world's energy consumption and energy consumption is still high." In his keynote address, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, Du Xiangtao, former vice president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering pointed out that China's energy transformation must first emphasize "Energy efficiency", this is the first energy strategy.
Jia Kang, a member of the CPPCC National Committee and the chief economist of Huaxia New Supply Economic Research Institute, said that we can not rely solely on administrative measures in the entire energy supply chain, supply chain and consumer chain of China's energy industry. "We can not simply rely on a few officials to think about how to adjust their brains It is always the key to be able to realize the green development and the full effect of the market. "
Participants said that to speed up the transformation, policies and market forces to promote the key.
The first is the technological upgrading of enterprises, which is the key factor to reduce costs and achieve scale expansion. In the photovoltaic industry, for example, in recent years, the on-grid electricity price of photovoltaic has dropped to about 0.4 yuan from 0.6 yuan per degree, profiting from the technological innovation in the entire industrial chain. "Not only to improve the power generation efficiency of products through technological upgrading during the manufacturing process, but also to control the costs on the operational side using various new technologies such as dual-axis tracking, robot cleaning, and unmanned aerial vehicle inspection." GCL New Energy President Sun Xingping said.
In Sun Xingping view, the development of photovoltaic industry is still facing the problem of high cost, especially "non-technical costs", such as land prices, taxes, financial costs and so on.
Take financial as an example. As the scale of green energy expands, technology upgrades and go global, the demand for capital by enterprises continues to exist and is getting higher and higher. In addition to subsidies, financial market support is even more crucial.
In response, Yin Hong, deputy director of the Institute of Urban Finance at the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, said that after top-down promotion, China's green finance has developed very fast. In mid-2017, green credit reached 8.2 trillion yuan, up YoY 12%, credit resources are increasingly being allocated to green industries.
Sun Xingping believes that with the technological innovation in the industry and the help of policies, "It is expected that in the second half of 2019 to the first half of 2020, PV parity will be reached and the burden of state subsidies on renewable energy will be solved."