The sun will be able to make money, the higher the sun the higher the income. In the past may be laughed at as a nonsense; Now the photovoltaic power plant to make the sun a good helper for people out of poverty. China's 13th Five-Year Plan includes photovoltaic poverty alleviation in key projects with a total scale of 15GW and an annual construction scale of about 3 GW, accounting for 20% of the total installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation in China and 10% of the national total output of photovoltaic cells. Photovoltaic poverty alleviation is hoping to create economic vitality through the industry, create jobs, increase incomes of poor households, but also boost the development of new energy industries.
In 2015, China's National Energy Administration and the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council issued a notice on the implementation of the PV poverty alleviation project. The first PV pilot projects were carried out in more than 30 counties in Anhui, Ningxia, Shanxi, Hebei, Gansu, Qinghai and other provinces. 6 years to carry out anti-poverty photovoltaic industry projects.
In 2018, the document No.1 of the Central Government proposed that the quality of agricultural development should be enhanced and fresh momentum for rural development be nurtured. As a result, the PV poverty alleviation continued to heat up, and its coverage and influence gradually expanded.
In the opinion of Noir Pakker, Director of the National Energy Administration, PV poverty alleviation is the best way to solve the problem of "getting out of work and getting out of poverty" in rural areas. Recently, eight provinces including Hebei, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia have been announced one after another, all of which will be used for PV poverty alleviation in 2017. Xinjiang also issued a notice on stepping up the compilation and submission of the "13th Five-Year Plan" for Photovoltaic Poverty Alleviation Project, and encouraged and encouraged the construction of village-level poverty reduction power station.
However, it is impossible for the photovoltaic rich peasants to draw a wide range of industries with more headlines. Photovoltaic poverty alleviation involves many functional management departments such as local governments, poverty alleviation offices, energy resources and finance. There are many kinds of trade-offs such as corporate indebtedness, policy bank loans and so on. From the planning and construction of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects to the precise poverty alleviation funds falling into the wallets of poor households, a great deal of supervision and coordination work will be required. Overcoming selfishness and implementing departmental profits at every level can we truly make photovoltaic poverty alleviation a weapon to profit the rural poor.
At the same time, the backwardness of rural energy infrastructure is also restricting the effectiveness of photovoltaic rich peasants. For example, the current capacity of rural power grids is relatively small, which limits the progress of household PV in rural areas to further expand the market. In view of this, to increase rural power grids will further expand the development of household photovoltaic space for development, thereby allowing photovoltaic power generation to rural areas, farmers bring more dividends.
However, Meng Yongsheng, a vice president and professor at the School of Economics of Xinjiang University of Finance and Economics, said that PV poverty alleviation can provide an effective solution to the industry's poverty alleviation and provide the community with comprehensive support. However, it should prevent "swarming around" and aggravate overcapacity.
Experts and industry insiders suggest that PVP can be "healthy and strong" in four aspects. First of all, the top-level design should be strengthened and PV poverty alleviation projects should be rolled out in an orderly manner. Relevant departments should make overall arrangements for the construction plan of PV poverty alleviation projects, formulate access plans according to the access conditions of power supply, and coordinate with the schedule of relevant construction projects sent out.
Second, multi-party coordination to promote photovoltaic power consumption to help alleviate poverty, efforts to expand the power consumption in the region market, to encourage poor photovoltaic participation in the "power aid Jiang + market delivery" "new energy alternative coal-fired power generation" "new energy to participate in electric heating "And other market-oriented transactions.
Again, speed up the power transmission and distribution network upgrade project. At present, the quasi-east-south ± 1100 project, Nanjiang 750 kV backbone grid two grid projects are speeding up. In addition, the construction of power corridors from Xinjiang to Pakistan has started preliminary work. In the future, interconnection and interconnection of power infrastructure between Xinjiang and its neighboring countries will provide new market space for photovoltaic consumption.
Finally, the electric power department should check and check the good projects so as to prevent some enterprises from exacerbating the PV overcapacity by "helping the poor"; at the same time, establish the post-operation management and protection mechanism to strengthen the routine maintenance and propaganda in "PV Village" to ensure the expected useful life of the poverty alleviation power station And income effect.